Fungal nail infections are a common dermatological presentation to Dermatologists.
They are rarely seen in children and become increasingly common with age and patients with certain medical conditions such as diabetes can be more susceptible. The infection is most commonly picked up in damp environments such as the shower at the gym or at public swimming pools.
The most common infective organisms are dermatophytes (tineas), yeasts and moulds,
and they can affect one or more nails, with toenails being more frequently affected than fingernails. Symptoms can include pigmentation of the nail, pale streaks at the side of the nail, thickening of the nail or lifting and crumbling of the free edge of the nail, along with flaky white patches and pitting.
Other nail disorders can mimic onychomycosis. These include psoriasis, bacterial infections,
warts and mechanical trauma to the nails. Often the diagnosis needs to be confirmed by identifying the causative microorganism from nail clippings prior to commencing any treatment. Treatments can include:
- topical applications
- oral antifungal medications
If you are suffering from nail problems, we recommend a consultation with our Dermatologist which can be arranged by contacting the clinic on (02) 9953 9522.